Labor and Migration Policy Shapers – Global Migration Group

Many of today’s international migration policies and norms have been devised and set by an influential group known as the Global Migration Group. The Global Migration Group was devised by the United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan, in 2006. It’s an inter-agency group bringing together key opinion leaders involved in the area of global migration. The Global Migration Group main focus was to improve and address the challenges posed by international migration, says global relocation expert NY based attorney Jon Purizhansky.

The Global Migration Group was particularly effective as it was comprised of 14 UN agencies, the World Bank, and the International Organization for Migration to address migration issues. The neutrality of the group was maintained through a 6-month rotating chair by various member agency. Accordingly, during each 6-month a new theme was adopted to help guide the Group’s activity per term. UNICEF was one of the Group’s members and adopted the theme of youth and climate change during two of the 6 month terms it chaired. These are topics particular of interest to UNICEF hence it was able to drive the Group’s focus on these themes while shaping the activities of the Group. Other themes adopted by the Group include correlations between migrations and the environmental impact, human settlement, and population movement.

Global migration is a topic that impacts hundreds of millions of people around the world, says Jon Purizhansky. It is critical to have global support to provide a safe and effective infrastructure in this area. The topic is so broad that impacts numerous other topics – such as human rights, women’s rights, climate change, wealth and income disparity, immigration, all traversing through geo-political lines and corporate profit. Accordingly, the Group can help provide a legal and political framework to address issues that may arise through cross-border migration. It provides a basis for countries to solve issues that may arise without having to start from square one.

One of the Group’s main focuses is upon the impacts of migration on youth. Younger populations are very much impacted by migration as they are more willing to seek new opportunities around the world. While these opportunities may provide monetary gain, there are also inherent risks and other issues imposed. Along with global migration comes placing culturally different people together in new environments. Greater equal opportunity in communities of origin, transit and destination can ensure the well being of young migrants and maximize their contributions as workers, entrepreneurs, students and members of society, says Jon Purizhansky.

Originally Posted: https://www.jonpurizhansky.net/post/labor-and-migration-policy-shapers

 

Shifting Global Trade Policies

The Brookings Institute recently released a study on shifting global trade policies.  The study is focused upon a three-year term and takes into consideration numerous macro-economic factors such as US and China trade war.  Such a comprehensive study brings insight into global trade – but also touches upon the broad patterns impacting global labor and migration, says global relocation expert and NY based attorney Jon Purizhansky.

One of the study’s most interesting findings is that there is a shift away from open trade. The Study focused on G-20 countries during what was deemed a populist era (2017 – 2019).  In a hyper competitive environment many countries observed and imposed regulations that increased tariffs.  This effort was largely commented upon on the United States and China.  However, it also impacted nearly the entire world, and especially the G-20.  Accordingly, certain sentiments believe that the US/China tariff dispute had ripple effects throughout the world.  Nonetheless, essentially the entire global economy was impacted.

When the global economy is impacted – global migration and labor is directly and indirectly affected, says Jon Purizhansky.  When certain countries were subjected to higher tariffs for commodity related goods, employers often seek to mitigate the rising costs by importing lower priced labor.  As a result, new patterns of labor and migration can be observed.

The Study further identified many recent trade policies concentrated upon a smaller number of goods than previous years.  Moreover, there were an increased number of protectionist acts during this period, impacting a more concentrated listing of goods than during the financial crises of previous years.  In addition, during the same time period trade reforms have diminished from previous years.  The imbalance in trade reforms has led to a less even playing field.

The Brookings Institute’s Study took a deep look at specific countries around the world, and particularly the G-20.  The Brookings Institution’s studies are generally widely lauded for their detailed and analytical approach to derive a macro-economic basis for theory, continued Jon Purizhansky.  The Brookings Institute often publishes such reports and studies since it was founded in 1916.  The organization is a Think Tank based in Washington DC.

Much of the research and policy education provided is around social sciences, including economics, public policy, foreign policy, governance, global economy, and economic development.  Accordingly, many of these areas tie directly into global labor and organized migration.  Hence, their research into various areas ties in the labor markets and is closely followed by labor policy regulators, employers, and public interest groups.

Originally Posted: http://www.jonpurizhanskybuffalo.com/shifting-global-trade-policies/

 

Global Forum on Migration and Development

The 12th annual Global Forum on Migration and Development was kicked off on January 21, 2020 in Quito, Ecuador.  The Forum will be hosted by Ecuadorean government officials and attended by minister level officials, shaping migration policy, from throughout the world.  This is a great event that routinely brings together thought leaders, key opinion stakeholders, and policy shapers to foster discussion and knowledge capital in the arena of labor and global migration policy, says global relocation expert and NY-based attorney Jon Purizhansky.

This year’s Forum includes three central themes: 1) Coordinated responses to mixed movements: Partnerships and collective action to protect rights; Migration narratives and communication: What role, responsibility and resources do governments have?; and Addressing human mobility as part of urban and rural development strategies.  Having a diverse group of attendees from mixed backgrounds and cultures will yield a broad discussion around impactful effects of migration in various countries and territories.

A portion of the meeting will be allocated to business meetings and roundtable discussions.  Since 2016 such meetings between private sector and government officials have been planned and executed at the Forum.  It’s important for the private sector to get involved in the global migration and labor discussion, noted Jon Purizhansky Ultimately it’s the private sector that is shaping the supply/demand curve within this space, thus they should be at the table when discussing and shaping policy, continued Purizhansky.

The Forum also provides round table opportunities for regional countries to meet and confer.  Such round tables are scheduled for the Middle-East, Africa, Latin America, and Asia.  Such round  tables are vital to bring key stakeholders together to discuss an important and mutually impactful discussion point.

The Global Forum on Migration and Development is not a part of the United Nations, but it is closely aligned with the UN.  In fact, it was UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan who recommended and endorsed a global migration forum in 2006.  The Forum is open to all Member states and to observers of the United Nations.

The Global Forum on Migration and Development has several key agenda items, including in-part: To provide a forum and medium for key policy makes to meet and confer to discuss key issues around global migration.  In addition, they strive to promote best practices to protect all stakeholders in the migration supply chain.  The Forum also supports the identification of gaps and shared solutions to resolve and satiate such gaps.

The Forum sets standards around migration and development and fosters partnerships between countries, and also between countries and the private sector.  Such Forums advance a key global issue that needs cooperation, compassion, and a cultivation for solution, noted Jon Purizhansky.

Originally Posted: http://www.jonpurizhanskybuffalo.com/global-forum-on-migration-and-development/

New Report Finds Millions Affected by Insufficient Pay

A new report by the International Labor Organization finds that nearly 5 0 0 million people lack access to paid work.  The report further found that this group may also be working fewer paid hours than they would like.  Such large numbers of underemployed persons are a draw on the global economy, says global relocation expect NY based attorney Jon Purizhansky.

The report, titled the World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2 0 2 0   , takes a macro and micro economic view to the global labor markets.  The report projects that unemployment may rise by around two and a half million in 2020.  Although global unemployment has been steady for nearly the past decade, that may change this year in-part to lack of employment opportunities for new entrants to the market.  This is not an unusual affect, says Jon Purizhansky, when the economy grows it often takes time for the labor market to catch up – but it is a metric that is directly ties populations to under-or-un employed markets.

“For millions of ordinary people, it’s increasingly difficult to build better lives through work,” said ILO Director-General Guy Ryder. “Persisting and substantial work-related inequalities and exclusion are preventing them from finding decent work and better futures. That’s an extremely serious finding that has profound and worrying implications for social cohesion.”

The detailed report provided several metrics forecasting the state of the market:

  • The global number of unemployed (188 million),
  • There are nearly 165 million people that don’t have enough paid work and
  • There are nearly 120 million people that have either given up actively searching for work or otherwise lack access to the market.
  • In total, more than 470 million people worldwide are affected.

In addition, the report projected that poverty, both extreme and moderate, may increase over the next year in some countries.  Much of this is expected to affect developing countries.  Today, poverty is affecting over six hundred million (630 million) workers throughout the global economy.  A global, wide-reaching, effort is required to help satiate this now growing issue, continued Jon Purizhansky.  The report further identified that many younger workers (15-24) are also seeing less opportunity and may see further job loss.

The International Labor Organization is an agency of the United Nations.  The ILO was founded in 1919.  It serves to give an equal voice to workers, employers, and governments to ensure that the views of the social partners are closely reflected in labor standards and in shaping policies and programs.

How Can International Labor Practices Be Shared Globally?

We now live in a world where globalization has brought the challenges associated with international labor standards into the light for debate and reform. International labor practices are protocols for governments that evolved to help protect justice and dignity for workers. Governments, employers, and their employees all work together with international experts to help shapes this unique set of rules.

Work is essential in a person’s life, and international labor practices help to keep a level playing field in the global economy, says NY based immigration attorney Jon Purizhansky. And the more international labor practices that come into play, the more protected workers will be.

Labor Practices

Governments, multinational enterprises, employers, workers’ organizations, international institutions, and non-governmental organizations have nothing to lose and everything to gain when they chose to incorporate and uphold these labor practices in their organizations. They can be used on both the national and international levels, and the more they are used, the more people will benefit, reflected Jon Purizhansky.

International labor practices can be shared globally when the proper process has been completed.

When these labor laws are drafted (with social policy in consideration) into an internationally acceptable standard, then they can begin to work their magic on the employees and organizations, making life better for everyone involved.

Accountability is key! With international labor practices, global organizations are held accountable for any violations that were outlined in the agreement. So how to we continue to spread labor practices globally?

These days we are more connected than ever with our phones, computers, social media platforms, and so on. Using this connectivity, we can help “get the word out there” and build better networks to promote the remarkable process improvement of labor rights. Labor rights are just as fundamental as human rights. The more we increase knowledge, the more we can protect people around the world.

When more people unite together to improve international labor practices, we provide better opportunities for families to live in safer communities and access better medical care, and for children to receive better education. International labor practices also help improve equality for women and minorities and protect children with child labor laws, noted Jon Purizhansky.

The more support that services such as the International Labor Organization and World Trade Organization receive, the more they can help globalize labor laws and support those who need help most. Everyone wins when it comes to a better economy and a better life!  After all, “It is the purpose of the government to see that not only the legitimate interests of the few are protected, but that the welfare and rights of the many are conserved.”—Franklin D. Roosevelt

Originally Posted: http://www.jonpurizhanskybuffalo.com/international-labor-practices-shared-globally/

What Biggest issues in Global Migration/Labor Today?

Global migration and labor are one of the hottest topics when it comes to politics and international relations today. With over 100 million migrant workers living all over the world, there are so many benefits of global migration in the labor industry, such as boosting the working-age population and skill contribution. Still, many adverse effects are also associated.

Migration can result in negative effects on the countries of origin. Those with higher skills and education, who immigrate in high numbers from poor countries, are making their home country even more “poor” by not staying and investing in the economy, especially when they are leaving the crucial areas of health and education. These outflows can also create job shortages, particularly in less densely populated regions. Depending on the area, this can also result in food/housing/water shortages, disease outbreak, and it could also make the area more prone to major disasters.

Immigration can also have devastating long term social effects, says NY based immigration attorney Jon Purizhansky. Children can be negatively affected psychologically by a family torn apart if one or more family members leave the country to find work. This can result in difficulty at school and even violence.

Tajikistan is an excellent example when it comes to some of the most significant issues in global migration and labor. As a country that has been redefining itself since its former soviet days, it has been experiencing a significantly high level of labor migration over the past ten years, reflects Jon Purizhansky.

Migrants who received a higher education send money to their families back home more often than migrants with lower education. Still, one significant issue with this is that the skills and knowledge usually obtained before travel often go unused and eventually become outdated in the new country. This is because migrants rarely get to work in their specialized fields in their new home.

Also, just because migrants have higher skills, this does not automatically mean higher wages, notes Jon Purizhansky. This can be a devastating reality for those who have sacrificed just about everything to make a better life for themselves and their families. Xenophobia and discrimination are two other issues when it comes to global immigration and the workforce. This problem is world-wide, but the International Labor Organization (ILO) is doing all they can to mitigate and eliminate the issue.

By embracing immigration and understanding how to better care for migrant workers and their families, and by protecting migrants from discrimination, immigration can become less of a risk and more of a sustainable foundation for economies everywhere — a worldwide win-win! With decades of international experience, Jon Purizhansky reports on a wide variety of economic and political issues.

Originally Posted: https://www.allperfectstories.com/issues-in-global-migration/

What United Nations International Organization of Migration?

The United Nations International Organization of Migration was founded in war-torn Western Europe in 1951. It was much-needed establishment following World War II for the 11 million people who had been displaced during the time. The IOM was successfully able to arrange transport for at least 1 million people during its first decade of existence, reuniting families and bringing people to better communities.

The IOM has been able to aid in the multitude of both man-made and natural disasters that have occurred since it was founded. It has come a long way from its beginning, now operating with over 10,000 staff members in over 150 different countries.

The IOM is an organization that coordinates with government, intergovernmental, and non-governmental partners all over the world on issues related to migration, says NY based immigration attorney Jon Purizhansky. It serves to ensure orderly and compassionate migration by providing aid and advice to both governments and migrants, helping to provide safe and organized migration benefits.

Its mission is genuinely humanitarian-based, as it is an organization by the people, for the people. It is considered the migration agency and serves as a significant source of information when it comes to complex debates arguing the social, economic, and political impacts of migration in this age, noted Jon Purizhansky.

There is much to concentrate on when it comes to the significant issue of migration.

 The four main areas of focus for the IOM include:

-Migration and development

-Facilitating migration

-Regulating migration

-Forced migration

IOM offers the best and data on migration trends throughout the world. Their website provides a wealth of information such as their extensive and up-to-date glossary of migration terms, their migration data portal, which provides a fascinating interactive visual on the current and past migration patterns, and so much more. This is useful to many researchers seeking vital information and wishing to review worldwide trends, noted Jon Purizhansky.

The world of migration would undoubtedly be quite chaotic without the United Nations IOM. It has proven itself as a necessary tool for millions. With support, this organization will persevere and continue saving countless lives, and changing them for the better as it has since its humble beginning! IOM is helping to make global migration successful and is overall one of the investments for the worldwide economy. You can show your support by visiting their website and make a donation today.

Originally Posted: http://www.jonpurizhanskybuffalo.com/united-nations-international-organization-of-migration/