American Governments Mismanaging Migrant Crisis

Just this year, U.S. Border Patrol has detained 800,000 people at its southern border—this is the highest number in a decade. The former height of apprehensions was in 2000 and was primarily a result of the skyrocketing demand for cheap labor. Jon Purizhansky of Buffalo, NY recognizes the U.S.’s high demand for affordable labor. Today’s migrants, in comparison, are reacting to many of the same factors that inspired droves of people to flee to Europe four years ago, namely failed or fragile states, violence, and economic insecurity.

Jon Purizhansky recognizes the plight of displaced workers and spends a great deal of time helping connect migrants with steady work.

To deal with the new migrants, the U.S. is weighing many of the same approaches that European countries have attempted but ultimately found ineffective. Ranging from border walls to bilateral deals connecting immigration to trade and aid, Washington is repeating many of the same tactics that failed overseas. For example, U.S. President Donald Trump’s “Remain in Mexico” policy, requiring migrants wishing to gain asylum in the United States to have their claims evaluated while they stay and wait in Mexico, reflects the EU’s long-failed attempts to establish similar systems in Libya and other nations.

Despite the differences between these cases, there are a couple approaches that we could draw on from history. The primary lesson learned from the European experience of 2015 is that when it comes to migration, there are limits to unilateralism and bilateralism. The sense of calamity began to subside only when the European Union assumed a multi-layered approach founded in cooperation among the migrants’ nations of origin, passage, and destination.

Jon Purizhansky: The European and American crises are similar in a few different ways. The total number of people detained at the U.S. border or barred from admission at a U.S. port of entry since October 2018 is now about the same as the number of asylum seekers who arrived in Europe in all of 2015. Onlookers across the globe have stumbled on unnervingly similar scenes. The widely published photo of the bodies of Oscar Alberto Martínez Ramírez and his 23 month old daughter, Valeria, who drowned struggling to cross the Rio Grande in June, resembles the photo of Alan Kurdi, a Syrian toddler who drowned while attempting to cross the Mediterranean in 2015. Both images now serve as symbols for the dreadful cost of international migration in a world of closed borders.

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Modes of Transportation in Buffalo, NY

Jon Purizhansky of Buffalo, NY notices the important of transportation systems in urban environments. Buffalo, NY has a smooth transportation system. While Buffalo transportation system is monopolized by automobile usage, there are many other aspects of transportation that exist in Buffalo and one can get to Buffalo vi  rail road transport, airways and waterways.


Railroad transportation system

The major transportation system of the Buffalo city is the Railroad transportation system that includes New York Central system. Buffalo has an urban metro system, which is also widely used and is supposed to be developed further says Jon Purizhansky of Buffalo, NY.


Another transportation mode is the airways. There are are major airports in the vicinity – Buffalo Niagara International Airport and the Niagara Falls airport. Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) regulates the Buffalo Niagara International Airport and Niagara Falls International Airport.

The main hub, however, is Buffalo Niagara International Airport which is situated in a suburb of Buffalo.

Buffalo Niagara International Airport indexes among the top five cheapest airports to commute to.

The average round trip of the flight will cost you around $295.58. In the last few years the flight rates have fluctuated due to the growing demand of passengers. The flights from the city are much cheaper as they save a lot of tax and airline surcharges. This is not the case with Canadian airports. Hence, Buffalo based airport attracts a great deal of Canadian passengers.

Rail transport

Another mode which has influenced the city transport is The Buffalo Metro Rail mode which is very convenient and travel friendly. The mode is safe and economical and easily accessible for the commuters, therefore a large number of people enjoy this mode of transportation. It is regulated by the NFTA. It is a 6.4 miles long single-line light rail system which broadens from Erie Canal Harbor in downtown Buffalo to the University Heights district.

The downtown area of the line operates above ground until North of Theater Station, at the northern end of downtown, where the line strides underground. The travelers love this mode as they have to pay a reasonable a fare for comfortable transportation.

The above described are the basic modes of transport in Buffalo, NY says Jon Purizhansky.

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Problems within space of Employment based international relocation

Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY notices that while optically the process of international employment based relocation appears to be straight forward and simple, in actuality the process is extremely inefficient and riddled with fraud, due to the absolute absence of transparency and lack of pre-arrival communications between employers in Host Countries and employees in Origination Countries.

The root of the problem is currently unavoidable presence of multiple middlemen, often unethical and greedy, between the employer in the Host Country and the employee in the Origination Country.

Essence of the problem is best described by the following hypothetical example of how a foreign migrant worker, located in a third works country, is currently relocated for employment with an employer in the EU (could also be North America, Australia, New Zealand, The Middle East, Japan or South Korea).

The process takes place as follows:

1) Employer decides to hire foreign workers.

2) Employer dedicates monthly budget ( Budget) per foreign worker that includes:

a) foreign worker’s net monthly salary;

b) monthly taxes that apply to the net salary;

c) monthly accommodation per worker;

d) monthly expense on food per worker ( typically 500g of rice/500g of vegetables/500g of meat products per day per worker)

For example, let’s assume that a construction company in the EU wishes to hire 100 general laborers and it decides to spend:

a) 700 Euros on net salary; and
b) 300 Euros on taxes; and
c) 500 housing; and
d) 500 food

Then, the employer’s budget per foreign worker per month will be 2,000 Euros.

3) Employer comes in contact with Middleman 1 and agrees that Middleman 1 will find foreign workers to accept employment with the Employer based on the terms of employment offered by the Employer. The employment terms are largely, but not totally, based on the Budget. Typically, the employer documents its intent to offer employment to foreign workers by issuing a Job Order to Middleman 1 that reflects terms of employment.

Here is an example of a Job Order provided by Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY




Whereby, the Employer agrees to employ 100 citizens of “Origination Country” as general laborers on the following terms:

a) 700 Euros net salary
b) employment taxes paid by the Employer
c) housing paid by the Employer
d) food ( breakfast, lunch, dinner – 500g rice;500g vegetables; 500g meat products ) covered by the Employer
e) transportation to and from work – covered by the Employer
f) overtime – covered in accordance with Hist Country laws

Term of employment agreement – 2 years




4) Middleman 1 contacts Middleman 2 and offers to sell to Middleman 2 the opportunity (The Opportunity)  to place 100 foreign construction workers with the Employer. NOTHING IS STOPPING MIDDLEMAN 1 FROM ALTERING THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE JOB ORDER AND INFORMING MIDDLEMAN 2 THAT THE SALARY WILL BE HIGHER OR THE EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT TERM WILL BE LONGER, ETC…

For example: Middleman 1, who secured the Job Order from the Employer, is located in the Host Country. Middleman 1 is aware that Middleman 2 has contacts in the Origination Country that may allow Middleman 2 to recruit the 100 foreign workers for employment with the Employer. Middleman 1 and Middleman 2 then enter into an agreement, whereby Middleman 2 promises to pay Middleman 1 a fixed fee (let’s assume it’s $2,000) for every foreign worker that the Employer will hire because of the efforts of Middleman 2 .

5) Middleman 2 contacts Middleman 3, who may or may not be an HR recruitment agency, licensed in the Origination Country able to offer The Opportunity to prospective foreign workers in the Origination Country. Middleman 2 and Middleman 3 then enter into an agreement, whereby Middleman 3 promises to pay Middleman 2 a fixed fee (let’s assume it’s now $4,000) for every foreign worker that the Employer will hire because of the efforts of Middleman 3.


6) Middleman 3 will then employ the services of so-called “SUB-AGENT”, which is now Middleman 4. Middleman 4, consequently, promises to pay Middleman 3 a fixed fee (let’s assume it’s now $6,000.00) for every foreign worker that the Employer will hire because of the efforts of Middleman 4.

7) Middleman 4 recruits foreign workers, usually in remote areas of the Origination Country, and sells them The Opportunity for an amount that is higher than the amount that Middleman 4 has to pay to Middleman 3 (here in after referred to as The Fee. Let’s assume it’s now $8,000)

8) Foreign worker typically takes out a loan to pay The Fee to Middleman 4. Typically, the conditions of the original Job Order are grossly misrepresented when The Opportunity is sold by Middleman 4 to the foreign worker.

9) Middleman 4 collects the documents from foreign workers that the Employer needs to file with the authorities in the Host Country for the purpose of securing work permits for the foreign workers.

10) Middleman 4 forwards to Middleman 3 “The Fee less Middleman 4’s percentage of the Fee” and foreign workers’ documents required to support the application for the work permit in the Host Country.

11) Middleman 3 forwards to Middleman 2
“The Fee less Middleman 3’s percentage of the Fee” and foreign workers’ documents required to support the application for the work permit in the Host Country.

12) Middleman 2 forwards to Middleman 1
“The Fee less Middleman 2’s percentage of the Fee” and foreign workers’ documents required to support the application for the work permit in the Host Country.

13) Middleman 1 retains “The Fee less the percentages of the Fee retained by Middlemen 2,3 and 4” and either keeps The Fee in its entirety or shares it with the Employer. Middleman 1 submits to the Employer the foreign workers’ documents required to support the application for the work permit in the Host Country.

14) Employer files for work permits for foreign workers with the relevant government agency of the Host Country.

15) Work permits are issued.

17) Middleman 3, typically in cooperation with Middleman 4, facilitated filing for applications for Work Visas for foreign workers with the appropriate Consular Post of the Host Country that has jurisdiction over the foreign workers (typically Host Country Embassy located in Origination Country).

18) Work Visas are issued.

19)Foreign Workers fly to the Host Country to commence employment with the Employer.




Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY says that as long as foreign workers are required to pay fees to middlemen for the opportunity to relocate abroad for employment, various middlemen will continue to take advantage of the foreign workers , resulting in a wide array for problems both, for the worker and for the employer.

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Tourist Attractions of Buffalo, NY

Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY describes some of the tourist attractions of Buffalo, NY, the second largest city of New York State.

Buffalo is rich with architectural jewels and scenic views. The city is placed on the confluence of the Buffalo River, the Niagara River, and Lake Erie. It is still believed to provide a crucial role in the thriftiness of the state. Buffalo happens to be one of the best tourist destinations in summer majorly due to its enormous waterfront. Often called The Queen City, Buffalo is a city full of accumulation of cultural jewels, ancient skyscrapers and different assortment of modern artwork.


Below are some of the two tourist attractions one can’t miss when visiting Buffalo:

The Niagara Square

One of the most visited places in the City of Buffalo, Niagara Square is a perfect spot in the heart of Queen City. This is a major tourist attraction due to another reason says Jon Purizhansky of Buffalo, NY, which is the history of the place which witnessed the assassination of President McKinley and French and Indian War in 1763. This area of Buffalo also serves as central hub for hanging out by many locals and tourists.

Buffalo City Hall

Buffalo City Hall is another major tourist attraction of the city says Jon Purizhansky. He says that this place is situated near the Niagara Square in Buffalo City. Your tour to Buffalo is incomplete if you don’t go and visit this amazing City hall that has incredible architectural style. It is a 32 floor story building and has amazing Art and Decor. The style is quite complex but it’s incredible.

There is a great deal of other famous tourist attractions in Buffalo, NY. Noticeably, Buffalonians place are warm and friendly and will typically make you feel at home. If you happen to be travelling in New York, Buffalo is surely worth the visit.

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Development of the Global Sensor Market

Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY notices the global sensor market. The sensor market has been expanding and has been becoming more sophisticated. The global sensor market was valued at $138,965.0 million in 2017, and is projected to reach $287,002.0 million by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 9.5% from 2018 to 2025.

Sensors are devices that detect events or changes in the environment and then provide the corresponding output. They sense physical input such as light, heat, motion, moisture, pressure, or any other entity, and respond by producing an output on a display or transmit the information in electronic form for further processing. Medical sensors collect data from human body and are extremely valuable in telemedicine.

Their use case enables preventive medicine to expand and it allows physicians to analyse data that sensors collect while not being in the presence of their patient. Importantly, advancements in smart sensor technologies offer additional features to the medical devices and equipment.

These smart sensors are used by doctors to monitor routine check-ups, such as blood pressure and body temperature of the patients. Moreover, smart sensors measure the heart beat and blood oxygen content and transfer medical information through cloud to the healthcare professionals. The wearable technology market is an emerging market in the biomedical sector. This market comprises hi-tech wearable devices, consisting of sensors that monitor different physical activities.

These sensors collect the information about respective parameters, convert them into digital form and display them on screen, allowing doctors and healthcare professionals to analyse them. The growth in demand for wearable devices and increase in investment by governments of several countries to improve healthcare conditions are the reasons anticipated to increase the demand in the overall sensor market. Conversely, surge in adoption of wearable devices and innovative application in biomedical sector are expected to offer lucrative opportunities for the market globally.

However, Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY says that sensor usage is most common in consumer electronic products, followed by automotive, and IT & telecom. Smartphones incorporate sensors such as accelerometer, gyroscope, ambient light sensor, proximity sensor, and temperature detector, to keep a track on parameters and provide a centralized system for automatic control. Additionally, the ever increasing adoption of wearable devices, innovative application in the biomedical sector, and rise in advancements in the automotive sector are expected to offer lucrative opportunities for the sensor industry.

The key companies profiled in the sensor market report are STMicro electronics, NXP semiconductors N.V., Infineon Technologies AG, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., Atmel Corporation, Texas instruments Inc., Robert Bosch GmbH, Johnson Controls International PLC., Sony Corporation, and Honeywell International Inc. Jon Purizhansky says that the sensor market is one of the industries that will be growing and we will see many new companies emerge within this space globally.

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Foreign Migrant Agricultural Workers in US

Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY says that according to the Southern Poverty Law Center , 6 out of every 10 US farm workers are undocumented immigrants.

The vast majority of workers–78%, according to the most recent National Agricultural Workers Survey– is foreign-born and crossed a border to get here (NAWS, Farmworker Justice). This is a huge problem for the whole ecosystem. Current immigration laws do no allow employers to painlessly relocate foreign workers for employment from other countries, which is why they are predominantly illegal now.

Not only employment of undocumented workers presents employers with a tremendous legal challenge, but also these workers lack basic rights, face exploitation and live in fear of reporting abuses. Historically, agricultural workers in the U.S. have been imported from other countries with vulnerable populations, have always been a disenfranchised group of workers, and have in general never had the right to vote.


Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY says that various geopolitical events have historically driven migration trends, such as that when the United States and Mexico signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, government-subsidized corn that was cheaply produced in the U.S. began to flood the market in Mexico. With this new influx of artificially under-priced corn, farmers in Mexico could no longer afford to make a living growing corn.

Thus, millions were forced out of their jobs. Unable to find jobs in cities, they had no other option but to move to the US to look for work. It is because the US lacks a comprehensive systemic solution aimed at temporary legal relocation of foreign migrant staff to work for agricultural employers that both, employers and foreign migrants are faced with legal challenges and tremendous risks in the US.

To make things worse, undocumented status makes workers especially vulnerable to abuse, as some employers and supervisors constantly hold the “deportation card” without realization that the employer, according to current laws, is as guilty by offering employment to a foreign migrant worker as the worker accepting it. For instance, if an employer is treating a worker unfairly, a worker who speaks up to their boss can be threatened with deportation.

This significantly takes away their rights to stand up for themselves and advocate for their working conditions. The fact that abuse takes place is the direct result of the absence of adequate immigration policy in the US. Currently, the only way to gain residency residency in the U.S. is to have an immediate family member sponsor you, to get an employment-based visa requiring high levels of education, to have a case of prosecution in your homeland that is recognized by the U.S. government, or to be a genius, extremely rich, or a star athlete or artist.

Obviously, millions of foreign migrant farm workers are not eligible for any of the above referenced programs. Jon Purizhansky from Buffalo, NY says that a program aimed at establishing legal employment based relocation channels for foreign migrant workers is necessary as it will bring efficiency into the ecosystem, will create tax revenues for the government and will prevent human rights abuse.

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History of Buffalo’s city infrastructure and Design

Jon Purizhansky discusses the history of Buffalo, NY infrastructure and design. The Buffalo city plan was developed in 2003. This Queen City Hub Plan formulated modern policy and conception for downtown Buffalo. Buffalo is famous for being the regional center for recreation, education, the start-up scene and life science R&D. An award-winning plan controls the town; downtown Buffalo has been experiencing an upswing in redevelopment and involvement of new public and private sector investment over the last few years. This new development is also evidenced by many new projects.

history of buffalo

Jon Purizhansky says that the City is Buffalo is experiencing challenges to attaining its full capacity, encompassing specifying creative explanations to motivate and benefit ongoing downtown reinvestment. In 2012 Buffalo’s Building Reuse Project  was an acknowledgment to an overabundance of office vacuum in downtown, much of which is in class B and C buildings whose development is hampered by small floor plates, the outdated building systems, environmental interests, and surrounding public infrastructure.

The plan designed for the city sets out a frame for the City of Buffalo to make strategic infrastructure investment in the near term that will incrementally work towards the plan’s long term vision framework, helping to fuel development, bolster tourism, enhance downtown’s image, and attract investment that supports downtown’s renewal.

Jon Purizhansky points to the fact that the BBRP needs improvement of “a downtown master Modification for public infrastructure and conveniences, which is context susceptible and catches the personal characteristics of each downtown area district”.

The whole project is financed by National Grid and National Fuel, and this Master Plan has been formulated under the recommendation of the BBRP project team, encompassing the City of Buffalo Office of Strategic Planning, the Buffalo Urban Development Corporation.

The Downtown Buffalo Infrastructure and Public Realm Master Plan was established by a receptacle to harmonize and prioritize infrastructure investments in downtown. It is done by evaluating the occurring circumstances and making suggestions for what infrastructure interests should be intending for to accomplish for key roads and public spaces.

To open the path to investment, the plan recognizes four preference areas for new interest and a list of more certain priority undertakings in each area. This is funded by a series of decision-making standards to help in the examination of infrastructure proposals and a series of general design approaches to guarantee that new infrastructure is constructed to meet the desires of the developing downtown.

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